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okladka ksiazki
  • Olga Pliszczyńska
  • Polityka „niebezpieczeństwa” Gruzji
  • ISBN: 978-83-60695-46-3 Lublin
  • 2010 str.
  • format 0
  • (Kod: 165)

Abstract

Georgia’s Policy of „Insecurity”

After the “Rose Revolution” Georgia’s foreign policy is fully oriented towards the West. Georgia is a “strategic partner” of the USA (United States – Georgia Charter on Strategic Partnership was signed in January 2009) and aspires to deepen relations with NATO and the European Union. At the same time relations with the closest and the most influential neighbour – Russia – are at least problematic. Between the two countries there are many arguable issues, particularly the status of regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia or Georgian aspirations to become a member of NATO. For many years Russia has been using different tools in order to influence Georgian foreign policy, for example the ban on Georgian export of water and wine. The accumulation of bilateral tension ended up in a military conflict in August 2008. Since then Russia has acknowledged the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, which worsened bilateral relations even more. Moscow still seems to treat the countries of the South Caucasus like as a “Russian sphere of influence”. After the collapse of the USSR, the USA became a new “player” in the South Caucasus. At the beginning of the 1990s the American policy towards Georgia was mainly incidental and related to the general strategy towards the post-Soviet countries, then it focused on energy issues and the question of building new infrastructure for transport of Caspian gas and oil, which would bypass the territory of Russia. American lobbying and support was definitely an important factor in finalizing the implementation of Baku–Tbilisi–Ceyhan and Baku–Tbilisi–Erzurum projects. Besides, Georgia received a lot of money from the USA: both through the military programmes and as a support for democracy (mainly on the base of the Freedom Support Act). Georgia also wants to deepen the relations with the European Union, which is very problematic, mainly because of the fact that Russia is still more important as a partner for the EU than post-Soviet countries and because of little activity of the EU on the South Caucasus. But having good relations only with the USA and the EU is not the right solution in terms of Georgian security. Georgia has to care also for good relations with the most important and influential actor in the Caucasus – Russia.