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okladka ksiazki
  • Mirella Korzeniewska-Wiszniewska
  • Kształtowanie relacji między państwami byłej Jugosławii w ostatnim dziesięcioleciu – zarys problemu
  • ISBN: 978-83-60695-50-0 Lublin
  • 2010 str.
  • format 0
  • (Kod: 169)

Abstract

The Relations between Former Yugoslav Republics in the Last Decade – Outline of the Problem

In the 1980s, after Tito’s death, Yugoslavia was in an economic and political crisis. Ethnic tensions, usually manipulated by opportunistic leaders from the communist era who were keen to preserve their influence in post-communist times, led to the confrontation between several of the main territorial units in the federal state created by Marshall Tito after the Second World War. The eruption of an internal conflict led to the collapse of Yugoslavia and the creation of new states. A bloody process of Yugoslavia’s disintegration involved ethnic cleansing and struggle for every little piece of territory. The conflicts were the worst violations of human rights seen anywhere in Europe since 1945. This terrible period was finished by signing the Dayton Peace Agreement in 1995. As a result of the conflicts in the territory of former Yugoslavia five independent states were created: Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Regardless of the animosity between the neighbouring countries, they had to define their relationship and level of cooperation. Moreover, among the former Yugoslav countries there were political, economic and administrative ties with a long tradition, which had to be given a new shape.