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  • Tomasz Stępniewski
  • Polityka czarnomorska Armenii, Azerbejdżanu i Gruzji
  • ISBN: 978-83-60695-57-9 Lublin
  • 2011 str.
  • format 0
  • (Kod: 175)


The Black Sea Policy of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia

Together with the collapse of the Soviet Union, a new geopolitical power system was created in the post-Soviet territory. This transformation forced the change of “the actors of the game.” New ones appeared, who were willing and potentially could participate in this game. Simultaneously, they became attractive subjects (and objects of influence) of international relations, or “the stake in the game,” which made the superpowers attempt to exert an influence on their territory. Such states are, reborn in 1991, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia which cause far-reaching changes in this part of the continent. This evolution refers both to the geography and politics, economics, military issues; there are also psychological and cultural changes. The 21st century brings new problems and threats, particularly for the independent national states. The changes take place in the structure of the international relations – including Europe where on the one hand modern day Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia are “the stake in the game” in the strategies of parties concerned, whereas on the other – buffer states between the East and West. Since the turn of the 1980s and 1990s in the South Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia) we have had numerous conflicts of ethnic, social and political character, which results in the area’s being one of the most instable post-Soviet regions. Instability and conflicts in the Black Sea area derive not only from the differences of modern interests but they are also conditioned by painful history. The area may be described as an ethno-cultural and religious melting pot. The situation of the South Caucasus states is incredibly complicated. On the one hand, they are the subject of rivalry of world powers interested in their key geopolitical (geostrategic) position. On the other hand, one ought to remember that referring only to the rivalry of global and regional powers over the South Caucasus states, without taking into consideration the regional power system or the differentiation in the very Black Sea region, may lead to far-fetched simplifications and incorrect conclusions. Additionally, the South Caucasus states – as all the states created after the collapse of the USSR – are facing huge internal problems, transformation difficulties, the homo sovieticus legacy. The aim of the following study is to attempt to present the foreign (Black Sea) policy of the three South Caucasus states: Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia, after the Cold War. Such a construction of the title is also a kind of research provocation:is it really the realisation oft he Black Sea policy by the South Caucasus states? The main thesis of the following analysis is included in the statement that the states of the region are forced in the construction and realisation of their foreign policy to take into account the interests of regional actors and actors from outside the area as well as the regional conditions.